Taking action to effect change with the goal of improving society.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
The Judicial Committee of The Privy Council (JCPC) is the court of final appeal for some Commonwealth countries. At the time of the Persons Case, it was Canada’s highest court of appeal. Learn more about the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
Advocacy for women’s rights based on the belief in equality between women and men.
A civil officer who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offences and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.
The Senate of Canada
The Senate – also known as the “Upper House” or the “Red Chamber” – is an essential part of Canada’s Parliament. Parliament creates laws for Canada. The Senate is responsible for reviewing and revising proposed laws – known as “bills” – before they are passed into law. Learn more about the Senate of Canada.
Prejudice and discrimination based on sex.
A person who advocates for voting rights to be extended.; usually refers to a person campaigning for women’s suffrage. In the early 20th Century, female suffragists were referred to as suffragettes.
The temperance movement
This international movement was popular in the 19th and early 20th centuries. It advocated for the abstinence from alcohol, based on the belief that alcohol was the root cause of many of society’s problems, including violence against women. Women took on a prominent role in the temperance movement. Learn more about the temperance movement in Canada.
Women’s right to vote. In Canada, Manitoba women were the first to vote in provincial elections, winning the right in 1916. Some Canadian women were given the right to vote in federal elections in 1918. It took many years for each of the provinces to grant the right to vote to women and minority women were often excluded from the franchise. Indigenous women, for example, did not gain the right to vote until 1960. Learn more about the right to vote in Canada.